Journal of Programming Languages

Instructions to authors


Submit papers in triplicate to Professor M.L. Rosenzweig, Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology. Uni- versity of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. Do not submit original artwork until requested. In the reviewing process, an editor often writes on manuscript copies; submission of a manuscript is deemed permission by the authors to the editor to place any editorial comments directly on his/her copy. Authors should therefore keep a clean copy of the manuscript. Editors, at their discretion, may retain two of the three copies submitted, and may duplicate the manuscript as much as is required by the reviewing process.
The Journal will attempt to maintain a rapid publication schedule by restricting its backlog. Therefore, in unusual circumstances, no appropriate editor may be available to process a manuscript and we shall return it without review.

Review process
Full length manuscripts
The review process is serial. If the Editor-in-Chief determines that the subject matter of the paper falls within the scope of the Journal, he sends it to an editor for review. Occasionally, editors may contact an anonymous reviewer to deal with sections of a paper for which they desire technical advice. The editor decides whether and in what form to accept a paper. The decisions of the editors are final.

If space is available, the Editor-in-Chief may accept brief comments on a paper which has recently been published in the Journal. Submit them promptly in duplicate. They may contain small amounts of supporting data, further illuminate a full-length paper, or take issue with some aspect of it. We shall not return copies in any case. Each issue of the Journal will probably contain only a few pages of comments, and in no case more than 15 pages. Shorter comments therefore have a higher probability of publication. The Editor-in-Chief may decide to treat longer comments as full-length papers and submit them to an editor for review.

The manuscript
Language and style
The language of the Journal is English. Facilities are available for editing manuscripts (in English) received from those whose first language is not English.
Type manuscripts or produce them by computer. (Dot matrix printers must have true descending characters.) Type on one side of the paper only, with generous margins (at least 3 cm all around), and double-spacing. Use paper which is the standard size in your country, or 8 by 11 inches as in the USA. Submission of manuscripts on disk is encouraged, these should be prepared using a standard word processing package. Three printed copies are to be supplied with the disk, these matching the contents of the disks exactly.
Write in a clear, concise style, and avoid the use of the passive voice wherever possible. The pronouns I, me and my should be used wherever they are accurate. Divide papers into sections and subsections as exempli- fied in the headings of these instructions.

Title page
The first page of the manuscript contains the full title of the paper, the name(s), affiliation and address of the author(s), a running title of not more than 75 letters and spaces, the name and full address of the corresponding author, and keywords for indexing.

The second page of the manuscript is its abstract. A successful abstract presents the major results and conclu- sions of the paper. Its language is as non-technical as possible. It should be brief. Avoid statements which merely declare the subject of a paper.

Organize the text in the manner which seems most suitable to you. There is no set format such as Introduc- tion, Methods, Results and Discussion. Make papers as short or as long as the findings justify. Avoid extensive review sections in Introductions and Discussions unless the review is absolutely necessary for comprehension of the new material.

Units, symbols, equations and abbreviations
Make papers consistent within themselves. Use SI units as far as possible. Explain all abbreviations unless they are very commonly used. Number all equations consecutively.

The Harvard System is used. References in the text should be quoted in the following manner for single, two or more than two authors respectively: Koday (1935), Beethoven and Mozart (1803), Vivaldi et al. (1704). Multiple papers referred to together in the text should be given in chronological order.
The references should be listed alphabetically at the end of the paper. The journal titles should be abbreviated to conform to the style of Index Medicus.
The layout should be as follows:
for journals ...
O'Dowd, D. J. (1982) Pearl bodies as ant food: an ecological road for some leaf emergences of tropical plants. Biotropica 14, 40-9.
for books ...
Holldobler, B. and Wilson, E. 0. (1990) The Ants. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
for chapters in books ...
Nepstad, D., Uhl, C. and Adilson Serrao, E. (1990) Surmounting barriers to forest regeneration in aban- doned highly degraded pastures: a case study from Paragominas, Para, Brazil. In Alternatives to De- forestation: Steps Towards Sustainable Use of the Amazon Rainforest (A. B. Anderson, ed.), pp.215-29. Columbia University Press, Columbia.

Line drawings should be submitted in draft form to minimize the expense of revising illustrations. Draw draft illustrations clearly and plot data points accurately. For review purposes, place figure legends on the same page as the figure, if possible. Before publication, authors will be asked to collect all figure legends in a sequential list in the traditional manner. They will also submit final versions of illustrations at that time. These may be originals in black India ink on white card F or heavy tracing paper, or photomechanical transfers (PMTs) which are generally sharper and cleaner than photographs. Plan figures for reduction. Keep lettering large and figures as simple as possible. Try to reserve complicated information for the legend. Technical staff at Chapman & Hall may reject figures which cannot be clearly printed.
Photographs should be black and white glossy prints. Each should have written lightly on the back the author's name, the figure number and an indication of which is top. Where lettering is to appear on the photograph, two prints should be supplied, one of which should be left unlettered.
In the margin of the manuscript, indicate the correct position for each figure and table.

Number tables and head them with their title and legend. Legends might profitably include the conclusion of the table, if it is possible to state that briefly. Reserve complex explanations or definitions of table entries for footnotes or the text itself.

As required.

Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. Correct and return them within three days. Corresponding authors who expect to be in the field or away from their home institutions should notify their editor and make appropriate arrangements. Delay in returning proofs will often cause a three-month delay in publication of your manuscript.
Correct only typesetter's mistakes. You may be charged for excessive corrections beyond typesetter's mistakes.

Page charges

Order offprints when returning corrected proofs.

Submission of a paper to the Journal will be taken to imply that it presents original, unpublished work, not under consideration for publication elsewhere. By submit- ting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright for their article is transferred to Chapman & Hall if and when the article is accepted for publication. Copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any reproduction of a similar nature, and translations, except that the authors may use the article or any of its contents in their own works.
Permission to publish illustrations must be obtained by the author before submission, and any acknowledgements should be included in the figure legends.

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