Instructions to authors

Summary of requirements

Send three copies of the manuscript and illustrations to the Editor-in-Chief or to one of the Regional Editors. It is assumed that the author will keep one copy. Typing should be double-spaced on one side of the paper only with wide margins throughout. Low-quality dot-matrix printers should not be used. Enclose a covering letter and permissions to reproduce previously published material or to use illustrations that identify individuals; and if appropriate, to confirm that ethical guidelines and any legal requirements of the country in which the work was done have been adhered to.

Information on the transfer of copyright will be sent to authors on acceptance of their manuscript for publication. The transfer of copyright from author(s) to publisher must be stated in writing before any manuscript can be published.

The manuscript must be written in clear and concise English and should in general comprise: (a) Title page; (b) Key words; (c) Abstract; (d) Introduction; (e) Methods; (f) Results; (g) Discussion; (h) Acknowledgements, if any; (i) References. Where appropriate Results and Discussion may be combined. Illustrations and tables should be selected to illustrate points that cannot easily be described in the text.

Review process

If an Editor determines that the subject matter falls within the scope of the Journal he sends it to a Member of the Editorial Board for review by two referees. The Editor decides whether and in what form to accept a paper. Decisions of the Editors are final.

The manuscript

Title page

The following information should be provided. (1) a concise and informative title, (2) a running title (maximum of 50 characters), (3) names of author(s), an asterisk should indicate the author responsible for correspondence, (4) name and address of the institution (s) where the work was done, (5) full mailing address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author.

Abstract and keywords

The abstract should be comprehensible without reference to the text and not exceed 200 words. The main findings and new and important aspects of the study should be emphasized. Up to five keywords or phrases may be submitted for indexing purposes.


The Introduction should state the purpose of the paper. It should not review the subject extensively.Methods should be described in detail sufficient to enable the work to be repeated, and suppliers of materials and equipment given if it is necessary. Results should be presented in logical sequence, with tables and illustrations as appropriate. Replications of observations and their statistical significance should be indicated. The data presented in tables and illustrations should not be repeated in the text. Discussion. This section should emphasize the implications of the findings, their limitations, and relevance to other studies; it should not be a recapitulation of the Results.


References in the text should be cited thus: Jones (1991) or (Jones, 1991); two authors. Jones and Smith (1991) or (Jones and Smith, 1991); three or more authors, Jones et al. (1991) or (Jones et al., 1991). References to papers by the same author(s) in the same year are distinguished in text and reference list by the letters a, b etc. List references at the end of the paper in alphabetical order giving title of paper, journal titles in full, and first and last page numbers. References to books, monographs and reports should include the year of publication, title, edition, editor(s), place of publication and publisher in that order. To assist the review process, copies of papers cited as 'in press' should be sent with submitted manuscripts.


Type each table on separate sheet, number them consecutively and provide them with a brief title. Tables should be comprehensible without reference to the text but repetition of methods that have been described in the text are not necessary. Place explanatory material in footnotes. When results are expressed as percentages, state the absolute value(s) that correspond to 100%. Identify statistical measure of variation.


Figures should be used to aid the clarity of the paper, not to pad it out. Line drawings (not larger than 210 x 140 mm) and chemical structures should be presented as (1) India ink drawings on tracing paper or white card, (2) glossy photographs, or (3) high-quality laser printed computer outputs. Photographs should be well-contrasted glossy prints. Photomicrographs must have internal scale markers and symbols, arrows or letters which contrast with the background. Where photographs of gel, autoradiograms etc. have been processed to enhance their quality, this should be stated. Colour illustrations should be supplied as colour prints grouped into plates; costs of colour printing will be charged to the author.

Type legends for illustrations on a separate page. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain internal scale and identify method of staining in photomicrographs.


Use the recommended SI units.The correct names of organisms conforming with the international rules of nomenclature must be used.


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author. The proofs must be corrected within three days of receipt and returned to the publisher.


A form for ordering offprints will be sent to authors along with the proofs.


Submission of paper to Cellulose will be taken to imply that it presents original unpublished work, not under consideration for publication elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright for their article is transferred to the Publisher if and when the article is accepted for publication.

The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. Permission to publish illustrations must be obtained by the author before submission and any acknowledgements should be included in the captions.

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